A video tape recorder (VTR) records video material on magnetic tape. The first practical video tape recorder was developed by Ampex Corporation in 1956.
The early VTRs were reel-to-reel devices which recorded on individual reels of 2 inch (5.08cm) wide magnetic tape. They were used in television studios, serving as a replacement for motion picture film stock and making recording for television applications cheaper and quicker. Improved formats, where the tape was contained inside a videocassette, were introduced around 1969 (machines that played them were called videocassette recorders). The first consumer videocassette recorder was introduced by Sony in 1971.
Handheld movie camera
This is a Bauer C1M Super handheld movie camera manufactured between 1968 and 1971 by the German company Bauer (a subsidiary of Robert Bosch since 1932). A Super 8mm film camera is a motion picture camera specifically manufactured to use the Super 8mm motion picture format.
The first Super 8mm film cameras were manufactured in 1965 by Kodak specifically for its newly introduced amateur film format. Despite its widespread popularity, Super 8 film was edged out in the 1980s by more convenient home-recording video technology, when the VHS camcorder became the preferred method for making home recordings.